Summer is coming and the sun will also resume its place as king. But be careful: overexposure to the sun can cause sunburn. Redness, pain, and skin that peels … how to prevent and relieve sunburn. Cape on the evil of summer.
Understanding the sunburns
Sunburn is skin inflammation caused by overexposure to the sun. Sunlight produces several types of ultraviolet rays: UVB is responsible for sunburn while UVA will affect the premature aging of the skin. Strong and regular unprotected exposure to these rays can increase the risk of skin cancer. It is therefore essential to know how to protect oneself effectively.
How can I prevent sunburn?
The simplest prevention is, first, to protect the skin with a sun protection adapted to your skin type . It is also preferable not to expose between 11 am and 16 pm, during which time the sun’s rays are the strongest. Finally, clothes can absorb a large amount of UV: prefer as much as possible covering clothes.
Warning: In addition to sun protection, children must always wear a hat and sunglasses with UV filter. Infants should not be exposed to the sun.
Apply your sunscreen
In cream or spray: the better it will be applied, the better you will be protected. So be sure to:
- Apply sunscreen to all exposed areas of the body, making sure to cover the entire surface of the skin, in generous layers.
- Apply the cream 30 minutes before the first exposure: this allows the active ingredients to penetrate well into the skin.
- Then reapply your protection every 2 hours. Warning: you must return immediately after perspiring, after bathing and wiped.
- Check the date of validity of your bottle: a sun protection whose validity date is exceeded will be much less effective.
Caution: some drugs and cosmetics are photosensitizers. Check the instructions carefully.
How to react to a sunburn?
Insufficiently applied or not renewed sun protection can quickly cause a sunburn. Here are some tips to ease at best sunburn:
- Well hydrate: sunburn can cause skin dehydration, but also internal. So drink a lot of water and apply an after-sun or moisturizer on the skin.
- To relieve pain: apply a soothing cream or aloe vera gel to the painful areas. You can also take ibuprofen or paracetamol to relieve pain related to inflammation. Avoid wearing clothing close to the body so as not to increase pain.
- Do not expose yourself to the sun again before the burning has disappeared: sunburns take about 3 to 6 days to disappear. Wear long clothing and protect yourself in the shade until burns have disappeared.
- Signs of gravity: blisters or bubbles (not to be pierced), intense and long-lasting pains, headaches, chills, fever or even vertigo should be reminiscent of a larger burn. Go to the doctor to check that there is no beginning of infection.
No pity for sunburns; protection and prevention are your best weapons.